The Coming Persecution
Then Jesus said, “If the world hates you, know that it has hated me before it hated you. If you were of the world, the world would love you as its own; but because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, therefore the world hates you.
Remember the words that I said to you: ‘A servant is not greater than his master.’ If they persecuted me, they will also persecute you. If they kept my word, they will also keep yours. But all these things they will do to you on account of my name, because they do not know him who sent me.
If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not have been guilty of sin, but now they have no excuse for their sin. Whoever hates me hates my Father also.
If I had not done among them the works that no one else did, they would not be guilty of sin, but now they have seen and hated both me and my Father. But the word that is written in their Law must be fulfilled: ‘They hated me without a cause.’ [Ps#69:4]
But when the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will bear witness about me. And you also will bear witness, because you have been with me from the beginning.
I have said all these things to you to keep you from falling away. They will put you out of the synagogues. Indeed, the hour is coming when whoever kills you will think he is offering service to God. And they will do these things because they have not known the Father, nor me.
The Work of the Holy Spirit
Then Jesus said to them, “But now I am going to him who sent me, and none of you asks me, ‘Where are you going?’ But because I have said these things to you, sorrow has filled your heart. Nevertheless, I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I go away, for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you. But if I go, I will send him to you.
And when he comes, he will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgement: concerning sin, because they do not believe in me; concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father, and you will see me no longer; concerning judgement, because the ruler of this world is judged.
I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now.
When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come. He will glorify me, for he will take what is mine and declare it to you.
Sorrow Will Turn to Joy
Then Jesus said, “A little while, and you will see me no longer; and again a little while, and you will see me.”
So some of his disciples said to one another, “What is this that he says to us? ‘A little while, and you will not see me, and again a little while, and you will see me’ and ‘because I am going to the Father’. What does he mean by ‘a little while’? We do not know what he is talking about.'”
Jesus knew that they wanted to ask him, so he said to them, “Is this what you are asking yourselves; what I meant by saying, ‘A little while and you will not see me, and again a little while and you will see me’? Truly, truly, I say to you, you will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice. You will be sorrowful, but your sorrow will turn into joy.
When a woman is giving birth, she has sorrow because her hour has come, but when she has delivered the baby, she no longer remembers the anguish, for joy that a human being has been born into the world.
So also you have sorrow now, but I will see you again, and your hearts will rejoice, and no one will take your joy from you. In that day you will ask nothing of me. Truly, truly, I say to you, whatever you ask of the Father in my name, he will give it to you. Until now you have asked nothing in my name. Ask, and you will receive, that your joy may be full.'”
Jesus Has Overcome the World
Finally Jesus said, “I have said these things to you in figures of speech. The hour is coming when I will no longer speak to you in figures of speech but will tell you plainly about the Father.
In that day you will ask in my name, and I do not say to you that I will ask the Father on your behalf; for the Father himself loves you, because you have loved me and have believed that I came from God. I came from the Father and have come into the world, and now I am leaving the world and going to the Father.”
His disciples said, “Ah, now you are speaking plainly and not using figurative speech! Now we know that you know all things and do not need anyone to question you; this is why we believe that you came from God.”
Jesus answered them, “Do you now believe? Behold, the hour is coming, indeed it has come, when you will be scattered, each to his own home, and will leave me alone. Yet I am not alone, for the Father is with me.
Jesus Prays for Himself
When Jesus had spoken these words, he lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, “Father, the hour has come; glorify your Son that the Son may glorify you, since you have given him authority over all flesh, to give eternal life to all whom you have given him.
And this is eternal life, that they know you the only true God, and Jesus the Messiah whom you have sent. I glorified you on earth, having accomplished the work that you gave me to do.
Jesus Prays for His Disciples
Then Jesus prayed, “I have manifested your name to the people whom you gave me out of the world. Yours they were, and you gave them to me, and they have kept your word. Now they know that everything that you have given me is from you. For I have given them the words that you gave me, and they have received them and have come to know in truth that I came from you; and they have believed that you sent me.
I am praying for them. I am not praying for the world but for those whom you have given me, for they are yours. All mine are yours, and yours are mine, and I am glorified in them. And I am no longer in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, keep them in your name, which you have given me, that they may be one, even as we are one.
While I was with them, I kept them in your name, which you have given me. I have guarded them, and not one of them has been lost except the son of destruction [Judas Iscariot], that the Scripture might be fulfilled.
But now I am coming to you, and these things I speak in the world, that they may have my joy fulfilled in themselves. I have given them your word, and the world has hated them because they are not of the world, just as I am not of the world. I do not ask that you take them out of the world, but that you keep them from the evil one.
They are not of the world, just as I am not of the world. Sanctify them in the truth; your word is truth. As you sent me into the world, so I have sent them into the world. And for their sake I consecrate myself, that they also may be sanctified in truth.”
Jesus Prays for All Believers
Finally Jesus prayed, “I do not ask for these only, but also for those who will believe in me through their word, that they may all be one, just as you, Father, are in me, and I in you, that they also may be in us, so that the world may believe that you have sent me.
The glory that you have given me I have given to them, that they may be one even as we are one, I in them and you in me, that they may become perfectly one, so that the world may know that you sent me and loved them even as you loved me.
Father, I desire that they also, whom you have given me, may be with me where I am, to see my glory that you have given me because you loved me before the foundation of the world.
O righteous Father, even though the world does not know you, I know you, and these know that you have sent me. I made known to them your name, and I will continue to make it known, that the love with which you have loved me may be in them, and I in them.”
Jesus Prays in the Garden of Gethsemane
(Matt 26:36-46, Mark 14:32-42, Luke 22:39-46, John 18:1)
When Jesus had spoken these words, he went out with his disciples across the Kidron Valley, to a garden in a place called Gethsemane, and he said to his disciples, “Sit here, while I go over there and pray.”
And he took with him Peter, James and John, and began to be greatly distressed and troubled. And he said to them, “My soul is very sorrowful, even to death. Remain here and watch.”
Withdrawing from them about a stone’s throw, he fell on his face and prayed, saying, “Abba, my Father, all things are possible for you. If it be possible, let this cup pass from me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as you will.” And there appeared to him an angel from heaven, strengthening him. And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly; and his sweat became like great drops of blood falling down to the ground.
And when he rose from prayer, he came to the disciples and found them sleeping, and he said to Peter, “Simon [Peter’s birth name], are you asleep? Could you not watch one hour? Watch and pray that you may not enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.”
And again he went away and prayed, saying the same words.
And again he came and found them sleeping, for their eyes were very heavy, and they did not know what to answer him.
And he came a third time and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? It is enough; the hour has come. The Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. Rise, let us be going; see, my betrayer is at hand.”
Betrayal and Arrest at Gethsemane
(Matt 26:47-56, Mark 14:43-52, Luke 22:47-53, John 18:2-14)
Now Judas Iscariot also knew the place, for Jesus often met there with his disciples. So Judas, having procured a detachment of Roman soldiers and some Jewish officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, went there with lanterns and torches and weapons.
Judas had given them a sign, saying, “The one I will kiss is the man. Seize him and lead him away under guard.” So when he came, he went up to Jesus at once and said, “Rabbi!” And he kissed him. And Jesus said to him, “Judas, would you betray the Son of Man with a kiss? Friend, do what you came to do.”
Then Jesus, knowing all that would happen to him, came forward and said to them, “Whom do you seek?” And they answered, “Jesus of Nazareth.”
Jesus said to them, “I am he.” And they drew back and fell to the ground.
So he asked them again, “Whom do you seek?” And again they said, “Jesus of Nazareth.”
And Jesus answered, “I told you that I am he. So, if you seek only me, let these men go.” This was to fulfil the words that he had spoken: “Of those whom you gave me I have lost not one.”
And they laid hands on him and seized him. Then Peter, having one of the two swords [Luke#22:38], drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, Malchus, cutting off his right ear.
So Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword into its sheath. For all who take the sword will perish by the sword. Do you think that I cannot appeal to my Father, and he will at once send me more than twelve legions of angels? But how then would the Scriptures be fulfilled, that it must be so? Shall I not drink the cup that the Father has given me?” Then Jesus said, “No more of this!” And he touched the servant’s ear and healed him.
And Jesus said to them, “Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs to capture me? Day after day I was with you in the temple teaching, and you did not seize me. But let the Scriptures be fulfilled. This is your hour, and the power of darkness.”
Then the captain of the Roman detachment and the officers of the Jews arrested Jesus and bound him.
And all the disciples abandoned him and fled. But a young man followed him, with nothing but a linen cloth about his body. And they seized him too, but he left the linen cloth and ran away naked.
Jesus was immediately led away to Annas, the father-in-law of Caiaphas; the high priest that year [The Jews recognized only Annas as the true high priest, because Caiaphas had been appointed by the Romans]. Now it was Caiaphas who had earlier advised the Jews that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.