Jesus Goes to Capernaum
(Matt 4:13-17, Luke 4:31)
Leaving Nazareth, Jesus went and lived in Capernaum by the Sea of Galilee, in the territory of Zebulun and Naphtali, so that what was spoken by the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled: “The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles; the people dwelling in darkness have seen a great light, and for those dwelling in the region and shadow of death, on them a light has dawned.” [Isa#9:1,2]
Jesus Calls the Disciples by the Sea
(Matt 4:18-22, Mark 1:16-20, Luke 5:1-11)
On one occasion, while the crowd was pressing in on him to hear the word of God, Jesus was standing by the Sea of Galilee [also known as Lake Gennesaret], and he saw two boats by the sea, but the fishermen had gone out of them and were washing and mending their nets.
One of the boats belonged to the brothers Andrew and Peter, whom he had first met when he was baptized by John. The other boat belonged to James and John, the sons of Zebedee.
Getting into one of the boats, which was Peter’s, he asked him to put out a little from the land. And he sat down and taught the people from the boat. And when he had finished speaking, he said to Peter, “Put out into the deep and let down your nets for a catch.”
And Peter answered, “Master, we toiled all night and took nothing! But at your word I will let down the nets.”
And when they had done this, they enclosed a large number of fish, and their nets were breaking. They signalled to their partners in the other boat to come and help them and they came and filled both the boats, so that they began to sink. But when Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus’ knees, saying, “Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord.” For he and all who were with him were astonished at the catch of fish that they had taken.
Jesus and the Demoniac in the Synagogue
(Mark 1:21-28, Luke 4:32-37)
And they went into Capernaum, and on the Sabbath Jesus entered the synagogue and was teaching. And they were astonished at his teaching, for he taught them as one who had authority, and not as the scribes.
There was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit, and he cried out with a loud voice, “What have you to do with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are; the Holy One of God.”
But Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be silent and come out of him!” And when the demon had thrown him down in their midst, he came out of him, having done him no harm.
And they were all amazed, so that they questioned among themselves, saying, “What is this? A new teaching with authority! He commands even the unclean spirits, and they obey him.”
At Peter’s House
(Matt 8:14-17, Mark 1:29-34, Luke 4:38-41)
Jesus left the synagogue and, along with James and John, entered the house of Peter and Andrew.
Peter’s mother-in-law was ill with a high fever, and they appealed to him on her behalf. And he stood over her, touched her hand, and rebuked the fever. And it left her, and immediately she rose and began to serve them.
Now when the sun was setting, all those who had any who were sick with various diseases or were oppressed by demons, brought them to him, and he laid his hands on every one of them and healed them.
This was to fulfil what was spoken by the prophet Isaiah: “He took our illnesses and bore our diseases.” [Isa#54:4]
First Preaching in Galilee
Matt 4:23-25, Mark 1:35-39, Luke 4:42-44)
Rising very early in the morning, while it was still dark, Jesus departed and went out to a desolate place, and there he prayed. The four disciples searched for him, and when they found him said, “Everyone is looking for you.”
But he said, “I must preach the good news of the kingdom of God to the other towns as well; for I was sent for this purpose.”
And he went throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom of God and healing every disease and every affliction among the people.
The First Leper
(Matt 8:2-4, Mark 1:40-45, Luke 5:12-16)
While Jesus was in one of the cities, there came a man full of leprosy. And when he saw Jesus, he implored him, and kneeling said, “Rabbi, if you will, you can make me clean.”
Moved with pity, he stretched out his hand and touched him and said to him, “I will; be clean.” And immediately the leprosy left him, and he was made clean.
And Jesus sent him away at once, sternly telling him, “See that you say nothing to anyone, but go, show yourself to the priest and offer for your cleansing what Moses commanded, for a proof to them.”
But instead, the man went out and began to talk freely about it, and to spread the news, so that Jesus could no longer openly enter a town, and people were coming to him from every quarter to hear him and to be healed of their infirmities.
The Paralytic Healed
(Matt 9:1-8, Mark 2:1-12, Luke 5:17-26)
And when Jesus returned to Capernaum after some days, it was reported that he was at home. Many were gathered together, so that there was no more room, not even at the door. And he was preaching the word of God to them.
Four men came, bringing to him a paralytic on a bed. And when they could not get near him because of the crowd, they started removing the roof above him, and when they had made an opening, they let down the bed on which the paralytic lay.
When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralytic, “Take heart, my son; your sins are forgiven.”
Now some of the scribes and Pharisees sitting there were questioning in their hearts things such as: Why does this man speak like that?; He is blaspheming!; and, Who can forgive sins but God alone?
And immediately Jesus, perceiving in his spirit that they were questioning within themselves, said to them, “Why do you question these things in your hearts? Which is easier to say to the man, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or, ‘Rise, take up your bed and walk’?”
But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins; he said to the paralytic, “I say to you, rise, pick up your bed, and go home.”
And he rose and immediately, picked up his bed, and went out before them all, so that they were all amazed and glorified God, saying, “We have never seen anything like this! We have seen an extraordinary thing today.”
Matthew is Called
(Matt 9:9-13, Mark 2:13-17, Luke 5:27-32)
Jesus went out again beside the sea, and all the crowd was coming to him, and he was teaching them.
As he passed by, he saw Matthew [also called Levi], the son of Alphaeus sitting at the tax booth, and he said to him, “Follow me.” And he rose and followed him.
Matthew made him a great feast in his house, and there was a large company of tax collectors and others reclining at the table with him, for there were many who followed Jesus.
When the Pharisees saw this, they said to his disciples, “Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?”
John’s Disciples Ask a Question About Fasting
(Matt 9:14-17, Mark 2:18-22, Luke 5:33-39)
Then the disciples of John came to Jesus, saying, “Why do we and the Pharisees fast, but your disciples do not?”
And Jesus said to them, “Do the wedding guests mourn as long as the bridegroom is with them? The day will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast.”
He also told them a parable: “No one puts a piece of new cloth on an old garment, for the patch tears away from the garment, and a worse tear is made.
Neither is new wine put into old wine-skins. If it is, the skins burst and the wine is spilled and the skins are destroyed. But new wine is put into fresh wine-skins, and so both are preserved. And no one after drinking old wine desires new, for he says, ‘The old is good.'”
Healing at the Pool of Bethesda
After this there was a feast of the Jews [the Passover], and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
Now there was in Jerusalem, by the Sheep Gate, a pool called Bethesda, which had five roofed colonnades. In these lay a multitude of invalids: blind, lame, and paralyzed, waiting for the moving of the water; for an angel of the Lord went down at certain seasons into the pool, and stirred the water and whoever stepped in first after the stirring of the water was healed of whatever disease he had.
One man was there who had been an invalid for thirty-eight years. When Jesus saw him lying there and knew that he had already been there a long time, he said to him, “Do you want to be healed?” The sick man answered him, “Sir, I have no one to put me into the pool when the water is stirred up. While I am going there, another always steps down before me.”
Jesus said to him, “Get up, take up your bed, and walk.”
And at once the man was healed, and he took up his bed and walked. Now that day was the Sabbath. So the Jews said to the man who had been healed, “It is the Sabbath, and it is not lawful for you to take up your bed.”
But he answered them, “The man who healed me, that man said to me, ‘Take up your bed, and walk.'”
They asked him, “Who is the man who said to you, ‘Take up your bed and walk?'”
Now the man who had been healed did not know who it was, for Jesus had withdrawn, as there was a crowd in the place. Afterwards Jesus found him in the temple and said to him, “See, you are well! Sin no more, that nothing worse may happen to you.”
The man went back and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had healed him. And this was why the Jews were persecuting Jesus, because he was doing these things on the Sabbath.
But Jesus answered them, “My Father is working even now, so I am working.”
Honour the Father and the Son
So Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of his own accord, but only what he sees the Father doing. For whatever the Father does, then the Son does likewise. For the Father loves the Son and shows him all that he himself is doing. And greater works than these will he show him, so that you may marvel.
For as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so also the Son gives life to whom he will. The Father judges no one, but has given all judgment to the Son, that all may honor the Son, just as they honour the Father. Whoever does not honour the Son does not honour the Father who sent him.”
Life and Judgement Through the Son
And Jesus said, “Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life. He does not come into judgement, but has passed from death to life.
Truly, truly, I say to you, an hour is coming, and is now here, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live. For as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son also to have life in himself. And he has given him authority to execute judgement, because he is the Son of Man. Do not marvel at this, for an hour is coming when all who are in the tombs will hear his voice and come out; those who have done good to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil to the resurrection of judgement.
The Fourfold Witness
Jesus said, “If I alone bear witness about myself, my testimony is not deemed true. There is another who bears witness about me, and I know that the testimony that he bears about me is true.
You were sent to John the Baptist, and he has borne witness to the truth. Not that the testimony that I receive is from man, but I say these things so that you may be saved. He was a burning and shining lamp, and you were willing to rejoice for a while in his light. But the testimony that I have is greater than that of John’s.
For the works that the Father has given me to accomplish, the very works that I am doing, bear witness about me that the Father has sent me. And the Father who sent me has himself borne witness about me. His voice you have never heard, his form you have never seen, and you do not have his word abiding in you, for you do not believe the one whom he has sent.
You search the Scriptures because you think that in them you have eternal life; and it is they that bear witness about me, yet you refuse to come to me that you may have life. I do not receive glory from people. But I know that you do not have the love of God within you. I have come in my Father’s name, and you do not receive me. If another comes in his own name, you will receive him. How can you believe, when you receive glory from one another and do not seek the glory that comes from the only God?
Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father. There is one who accuses you: Moses, on whom you have set your hope. For if you believed Moses, you would believe me; for he wrote of me. But if you do not believe his writings, how will you believe my words?”