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Jesus’ 1st Trial – Before Annas
(John 18:19-24)

The former high priest, Annas, then questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching.

Jesus answered him, “I have spoken openly to the world. I have always taught in synagogues and in the temple, where all Jews come together. I have said nothing in secret. Why do you ask me? Ask those who have heard me what I said to them; they know what I said.”

When he had said these things, one of the Jewish officers standing by struck Jesus with his hand, saying, “Is that how you answer the high priest?”

Jesus answered him, “If what I said is wrong, bear witness about the wrong; but if what I said is right, why do you strike me?”

Annas then sent him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.

Jesus’ 2nd Trial – Before Caiaphas
(Matt 26:57-68, Mark 14:53-65, Luke 22:54-55, 63-65, John 18:15-16)

Then those who had seized Jesus led him to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders had gathered. Peter and another disciple [thought to be John] were following him at a distance, as far as the courtyard of the high priest.

Since that disciple was known to the high priest, he entered with Jesus into the court of the high priest, but Peter stood outside at the door. So the other disciple went out and spoke to the servant girl who kept watch at the door, and brought Peter in. Going inside, he sat with the guards to see the end, warming himself at the fire.

Now the chief priests and the scribes and elders were seeking testimony against Jesus to put him to death, but they found none. Many bore false witness against him, but their testimonies did not agree.

And some stood up and bore false witness against him, saying, “We heard him say, ‘I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and in three days I will build another, not made with hands.'” Yet even about this their testimony did not agree.

And the high priest stood up in the midst and asked Jesus, “Have you no answer to make? What is it that these men testify against you?”

But Jesus remained silent. And the high priest said to him, “I put you under oath by the living God, tell us if you are the Messiah, the Son of the Blessed.”

And Jesus said to him, “I am. It is as you have said. But I tell you, from now on you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of the Power and coming on the clouds of heaven.” [Dan#7:13]

Then the high priest angrily tore at his garments and said, “What further witnesses do we need? You have heard his blasphemy. What is your decision?” And they all condemned him as deserving death.

And they spat in his face, blindfolded him and beat him. And the officers struck him, saying, “Prophesy to us, you Messiah! Who is it that struck you?” And many other things they blasphemously spoke against him.

Peter Denies Jesus Three Times
(Matt 26:69-75, Mark 14:66-72, Luke 22:56-62, John 18:17-18, 25-27)

Now as Peter was below in the courtyard, the servant girl who had opened the door for him came, and seeing Peter warming himself, she looked at him and said, “You also were with the Nazarene, Jesus.” But he denied it, saying, “I neither know nor understand what you mean.” And as he went out into the gateway, a rooster crowed.

After a little while, bystanders came up and said to Peter, “Certainly you too are one of them, for you too are a Galilean; your accent betrays you.” Then he began to invoke a curse on himself and to swear, “I do not know the man.”

And when he went out to the entrance, another servant girl, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, saw him and she said to the bystanders, “This man was with Jesus of Nazareth.” And again he denied it with an oath: “I do not know the man.” And immediately the rooster crowed again.

Then Peter remembered the saying of Jesus, “Before the rooster crows twice, you will deny me three times.” And he went out and wept bitterly.

Jesus’ 3rd Trial – Before the Sanhedrin
(Luke 22:66-71)

When day came, the assembly of the elders of the people gathered together, both chief priests and scribes. And they led Jesus away to the full Jewish Council, the Sanhedrin.

And they said, “If you are the Messiah, tell us.”

But he said to them, “If I tell you, you will by no means believe me. And if I ask you, you will by no means answer me or let me go. But from now on the Son of Man shall be seated at the right hand of the Power of God.” [Dan#7:13]

So they asked, “Are you the Son of God, then?” And he said to them, “You rightly say that I am.”

Then they said, “What further testimony do we need? We have heard it ourselves from his own lips.”

Judas Iscariot Hangs Himself
(Matt 27:3-10)

Then, when Judas Iscariot, the betrayer, saw that Jesus was condemned, he felt guilty and brought back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders, saying, “I have sinned by betraying innocent blood.”

And they said, “What is that to us? You see to it!”

Then, after throwing down the pieces of silver in the temple, he departed, and he went and hanged himself.

But the chief priests, taking the pieces of silver, said, “It is not lawful to put them into the treasury, since it is blood money.” So they took counsel and agreed to use them to buy the potter’s field as a burial place for strangers. Therefore that field has been called the Field of Blood to this day.

Then was fulfilled what had been spoken by the prophets Zechariah and Jeremiah, saying, “And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him on whom a price had been set by some of the sons of Israel, and they gave them for the potter’s field, as the Lord directed me.” [Zech#11:12-13, Jer#32:6-9]

Jesus’ 4th Trial – Before Pontius Pilate
(Matt 27:1-2, 11-14, Mark 15:1-5, Luke 23:1-5, John 18:28-38)

Then they led Jesus from the house of Caiaphas to the Praetorium, the headquarters of the Roman governor, Pontius Pilate. They themselves did not enter, so that they would not be defiled, and could eat the Passover.

So Pilate went outside to them and said, “What accusation do you bring against this man?”

They answered, “If this man were not doing evil, we would not have delivered him over to you.”

But Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.”

And the Jews said, “It is not lawful for us to put anyone to death.” [The Romans were the ruling government and the only ones authorized to sentence someone to death]

This was to fulfil the words that Jesus had spoken to show by what kind of death he was going to die. [By Roman crucifixion, not Jewish stoning]

And they began to accuse Jesus, saying, “We found this man misleading our nation and forbidding us to give tribute to Caesar, and saying that he himself is the Messiah, a king.”

So Pilate entered his headquarters again, and called Jesus, and said to him, “Are you the King of the Jews?”

Jesus answered, “Do you ask this of your own accord, or because others say it to you about me?”

Pilate answered, “Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have delivered you over to me. What have you done?”

Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not of this world. If my kingdom were of this world, my servants would have been fighting, that I might not be delivered over to the Jews. But my kingdom is not from the world.”

Then Pilate said to him, “So you are a king?”

Jesus answered, “You say that I am a king. For this purpose I was born and for this purpose I have come into the world: to bear witness to the truth; everyone who is of the truth listens to my voice.”

But Pilate only said to him, “What is truth?”

After he had said this, Pilate went back outside to the Jews and told them, “I find no guilt in him.”

But the Jews were urgent, saying, “He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, from Galilee even to this place.” And the chief priests accused him of many things.

Then Pilate said to Jesus, “Have you no answer to make? See how many charges they bring against you.”

But Jesus gave him no answer, not even to a single charge, so that the governor was greatly amazed.

Jesus’ 5th Trial – Before Herod
(Luke 23:6-12)

When Pilate heard that Jesus had been in Galilee, he asked whether he was a Galilean. And when he learned that he was, and therefore belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him over to Herod, who was himself in Jerusalem at that time.

When Herod saw Jesus, he was very glad, for he had long desired to see him, because he had heard about him, and he was hoping to see some sign done by him. So he questioned him at some length, but Jesus made no answer.

And the chief priests and the scribes stood by, vehemently accusing him.

So Herod, with his soldiers, treated him with contempt and mocked him. Then, arraying him in a gorgeous robe, he sent him back to Pilate. And Herod and Pilate became friends with each other that very day, for before this they had been at enmity with each other.

Jesus Takes the Place of Barabbas
(Matt 27:15-23, Mark 15:6-14, Luke 23:13-23, John 18:39-40)

Now at the Passover feast, Pilate was accustomed to releasing any one prisoner whom the Jews asked for. And he thought they would ask for Jesus, for he knew that it was out of envy that they had delivered him up. Also, while he was sitting on the judgement seat, his wife had sent word to him, saying, “Have nothing to do with that righteous man, for I have suffered much because of him today in a dream.”

So Pilate said to them, “You brought me this man as one who was misleading the people. And after examining him before you, behold, I did not find this man guilty of any of your charges against him. Neither did Herod, for he sent him back to us. Look, nothing deserving death has been done by him. I will therefore have him severely whipped and release him.”

Now in prison, among the rebels who had committed murder in the insurrection [no reference known], there was a thief called Barabbas. So the chief priests and the elders persuaded the crowd to ask for Barabbas and to destroy Jesus. So the crowd all cried out together, “Away with this man, and release to us Barabbas.”

Pilate addressed them once more, desiring to release Jesus, saying, “Then what shall I do with this Jesus who is called the Messiah, King of the Jews?” And they all said, “Let him be crucified!”

A third time he addressed them, saying, “Why, what evil has he done? I have found in him no guilt deserving death. I will therefore punish and release him.” But they were urgent, demanding with loud cries, “Crucify, crucify him!” And their voices prevailed.

Jesus’ 6th Trial – Pilate Sentences Jesus
(Matt 27:24-31, Mark 15:15-20, John 19:1-16)

So when Pilate saw that he was gaining nothing, but rather that a riot was beginning, he had the soldiers lead Jesus away inside the palace (that is, the governor’s headquarters), and they called together the whole battalion.

There the soldiers stripped him, flogged him and put a scarlet robe on him. Twisting together a crown of thorns, they put it on his head and put a reed in his right hand. And kneeling before him, they mocked him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they spat on him and took the reed and struck Jesus on the head.

Pilate came out again and said to the Jews, “See, I am bringing him out to you that you may know that I find no guilt in him.” So Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. And Pilate said to them, “Behold the man!”

When the chief priests and the officers saw him, they cried out, “Crucify him, crucify him!” So Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves and crucify him, for I find no guilt in him.”

The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and according to that law he ought to die because he has made himself the Son of God.” When Pilate heard this statement, he was even more worried.

Again Pilate entered his headquarters and said to Jesus, “Where are you from?” But Jesus gave him no answer. So Pilate said to him, “You will not speak to me? Do you not know that I have authority to release you and authority to crucify you?”

Jesus answered him, “You would have no authority over me at all unless it had been given you from above. Therefore he who delivered me over to you has the greater sin.”

Still Pilate sought to release him, but the Jews cried out, “If you release this man, you are not Caesar’s friend. Everyone who makes himself a king opposes Caesar.” So when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judgement seat at a place called The Stone Pavement (in Aramaic, Gabbatha).

Now it was the Day of Preparation of the Passover. It was about the sixth hour [6 AM. John appears to be using Roman time and not Jewish time], and he said to the Jews, “Behold your King!”

They cried out, “Away with him, away with him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” And the chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.”

So Pilate took some water and washed his hands before the crowd, saying, “I am innocent of this man’s blood; see to it yourselves.” And all the people answered, “His blood be on us and on our children!”

Then he released for them Barabbas and, having had him dressed again in his own clothes, he had Jesus led away to be crucified.

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