The Parables of the Sermon by the Sea
(Matt 13:1-2, Mark 4:1-2, Luke 8:4)
That same day Jesus went out of the house and sat beside the sea. And great crowds gathered about him, so that he got into a boat and sat down. And the whole crowd stood on the beach. And he began teaching them many things in parables:
(Matt 13:3-9, Mark 4:3-9, Luke 8:5-8)
“A sower went out to sow his seed. And as he sowed, some fell along the path and was trampled underfoot, and the birds of the air devoured it.
Other seed fell on rocky ground, where it did not have much soil, and immediately it sprang up, since it had no depth of soil. And when the sun rose, it was scorched, and since it had no root, it withered away.
Other seed fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked it, and it yielded no grain.
Other seed fell on good soil and produced grain, some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty.”
As he said these things, he called out, “He who has ears to hear, let him hear.”
The Wheat and Tares
He put another parable before them, saying, “The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field, but while his men were sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat and went away.
So when the plants came up and bore grain, then the weeds appeared also. And the servants of the master of the house came and said to him, ‘Master, did you not sow good seed in your field? How then does it have weeds?’
He said to them, ‘An enemy has done this.’ So the servants said to him, ‘Then do you want us to go and gather them?’ But he said, ‘No, lest in gathering the weeds you root up the wheat along with them.
Let both grow together until the harvest, and at harvest time I will tell the reapers, ‘Gather the weeds first and bind them in bundles to be burned, but gather the wheat into my barn.'”
The Mustard Seed
(Matt 13:31-32, Mark 4:30-32, Luke 13:18-19)
He put another parable before them, saying, “What is the kingdom of God like? And to what shall I compare it?
It is like a grain of mustard seed which, when sown on the ground, is the smallest of all the seeds on earth; yet when it grows up, becomes larger than all the garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air can make nests in its branches.”
(Matt 13:33, Luke 13:20-21)
And again he said, “To what shall I compare the kingdom of God?
It is like leaven that a woman took and hid in three measures of flour, until it was all leavened.”
The Hidden Treasure
Again he said, “The kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field, which a man found and covered up. Then in his joy he goes and sells all that he has and buys that field.”
The One Goodly Pearl
And he said, “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant in search of fine pearls, who, on finding one pearl of great value, went and sold all that he had and bought it.”
And he said, “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was thrown into the sea and gathered fish of every kind. When it was full, men drew it ashore and sat down and sorted the good into containers but threw away the bad.
So it will be at the close of the age. The angels will come out and separate the evil from the righteous and throw them into the fiery furnace. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.”
(Mark 4:21-25, Luke 8:16-18)
And he said to them, “No one after lighting a lamp covers it with a jar or puts it under a bed, but puts it on a stand, so that those who enter may see the light. For nothing is hidden that will not be made manifest, nor is anything secret that will not be known and come to light.
Take care then how you hear, for to the one who has, more will be given, and from the one who has not, even what he thinks that he has will be taken away.”
The Growing Seed
And he said, “The kingdom of God is as if a man should scatter seed on the ground. He sleeps and rises night and day, and the seed sprouts and grows; he knows not how. The earth produces by itself, first the blade, then the ear, then the full grain in the ear. But when the grain is ripe, at once he puts in the sickle, because the harvest has come.”
Conclusion of The Parables
(Matt 13:34-35, 51-53; Mark 4:33-34)
Jesus said to the crowd, “Have you understood all these things?” And they said, “Yes.”
So he said, “Therefore every scribe who has been trained for the kingdom of heaven is like a master of a house, who brings out of his treasure what is new and what is old.”
All these things Jesus said to the crowds in parables; indeed, he said nothing to them without a parable. This was to fulfil what was spoken by the prophet: “I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter what has been hidden since the foundation of the world.” [Psalm#78:2]
Answering the Disciples’ Questions
(Matt 13:10-17, Mark 4:11-12, Luke 8:10)
The disciples came and said to Jesus, “Why do you speak to them in parables?”
And he answered them, “To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given. For to the one who has, more will be given, and he will have an abundance. But from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away.
This is why I speak to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand; lest they should turn and be forgiven.
Indeed, in their case the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled that says: ‘You will indeed hear but never understand, and you will indeed see but never perceive. For this people’s heart has grown dull, and with their ears they can barely hear, and their eyes they have closed, lest they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears and understand with their heart and turn, and I would heal them.’ [Isaiah#6:9,10]
But blessed are your eyes, for they see, and your ears, for they hear. For truly, I say to you, many prophets and righteous people longed to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.'”
Explaining the Parable of the Sower
(Matt.13:18-23; Mark 4:10, 13-20; Luke 8:9, 11-15)
And when his disciples asked him what this parable meant, Jesus said, “Do you not understand this parable? How then will you understand all the parables?
Hear then the parable of the sower: The sower sows the Word.
When anyone hears the Word of the kingdom and does not understand it, Satan comes and snatches away what has been sown in his heart. This is what was sown along the path.
As for what was sown on rocky ground, this is the one who hears the Word and immediately receives it with joy, yet he has no root in himself, but endures for a while, and when tribulation or persecution arises on account of the Word, immediately he falls away.
As for what was sown among thorns, this is the one who hears the Word, but the cares of the world and the deceitfulness of riches choke the Word, and it proves unfruitful.
Explaining the Parable of the Tares
And his disciples said, “Explain to us the parable of the weeds of the field.”
He answered, “The one who sows the good seed is the Son of Man.
The field is the world, and the good seed is the sons of the kingdom.
The weeds are the sons of the evil one, and the enemy who sowed them is the devil.
The harvest is the close of the age, and the reapers are angels.
Just as the weeds are gathered and burned with fire, so will it be at the close of the age. The Son of Man will send his angels, and they will gather out of his kingdom all causes of sin and all law-breakers, and throw them into the fiery furnace. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Rejected at Nazareth Again
(Matt 13:53-58, Mark 6:1-6)
And when Jesus had finished these parables, he went away from there and came to his hometown, and his disciples followed him.
And on the Sabbath he began to teach in the synagogue, and many who heard him were astonished, saying, “Where did this man get these things? What is the wisdom given to him? How are such mighty works done by his hands?
Is this not the carpenter, the son of Mary and brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon? And are not his sisters here with us?” And they took offence at him.
And Jesus said to them, “A prophet is not without honour, except in his hometown and among his relatives and in his own household.” And he could do no mighty work there, except that he laid his hands on a few sick people and healed them. And he marvelled because of their unbelief. And he went about among the villages teaching.
Storm on the Sea of Galilee
(Matt 8:18, 23-27; Mark 4:35-41, Luke 8:22-25)
On that day, when evening had come, Jesus saw the crowd around him, and he said to his disciples, “Let us go across to the other side of the sea.”
Leaving the crowd, they took him with them in a boat, just as he was. And other boats were with them.
A great windstorm arose, and the waves were breaking into their boat, so that the boat was already filling. But Jesus was in the stern, asleep on a cushion. And they woke him and said to him, “Master, do you not care that we are perishing?”
And he awoke and rebuked the wind and said to the sea, “Peace! Be still!” And the wind ceased, and there was a great calm.
He said to them, “Why are you so afraid? Have you still no faith?”
The Demoniac of Gerasenes
(Matt 8:28-34, Mark 5:1-20, Luke 8:26-39)
And when they came to the other side, to the country of the Gadarenes, and Jesus stepped out of the boat, immediately there met him out of the tombs a naked man possessed with demons; a man so fierce that no one could pass that way.
He lived among the tombs and no one could bind him anymore, not even with a chain, for he had often been bound with shackles and chains, but he wrenched the chains apart, and he broke the shackles in pieces. No one had the strength to subdue him. Night and day among the tombs and on the mountains he was always crying out and cutting himself with stones.
And Jesus asked him, “What is your name?” And the demons replied, “Our name is Legion, for we are many.”
Jesus commanded the demons to come out of the man. And they cried out, “What have you to do with us, O Son of God? Have you come here to torment us before the time?” And they begged him not to command them to depart into the abyss.
Now a great herd of pigs, numbering about two thousand, was feeding there on the hillside and the demons begged him, saying, “Send us to the pigs; let us enter them.”
And he said to them, “Go.” So they came out and went into the pigs, and the whole herd rushed down the steep bank into the sea and drowned in the waters.
The herdsmen fled and told it in the city and in the country. And people came to see what it was that had happened. And they came to Jesus and saw the man, sitting there, clothed and in his right mind, and they were afraid.
And those who had seen it, described to them what had happened to the demon-possessed man and to the pigs. Then all the people of the surrounding region of Gerasenes asked him to depart from them, for they were seized with great fear. So he got into the boat and returned.
The man from whom the demons had gone begged that he might be with him, but Jesus sent him away, saying, “Return to your people, and declare how much God has done for you.” And he went away, proclaiming throughout the whole city how much Jesus had done for him.
Jairus’ Dying Daughter
(Matt 9:18-19, Mark 5:21-24, Luke 8:40-42)
When Jesus had crossed again in the boat to the other side, a great crowd gathered about him, for they were all waiting for him.
And there came a man named Jairus, who was a ruler of the synagogue. And falling at Jesus’ feet, he implored him to come to his house, for he had an only daughter, about twelve years of age, and she was dying. As Jesus went, the people pressed around him.
The Woman With the Discharge of Blood
(Matt 9:20-22, Mark 5:25-34, Luke 8:43-48)
And while Jesus was on his way there, a woman came up behind him. She had had a discharge of blood for twelve years, and had suffered much under many physicians, and had spent all that she had, and was no better; but rather, grew worse.
She had heard the reports about Jesus and came up behind him in the crowd and touched his garments. For she said to herself, “If I touch even the fringe of his garments, I will be made well.” And immediately the flow of blood dried up, and she felt in her body that she was healed of her disease.
Jesus, perceiving in himself that power had gone out from him, immediately turned about in the crowd and said, “Who touched my garments?”
When all denied it, Peter said, “Master, you see the crowd pressing around you, and yet you say, ‘Who touched me?'” But Jesus looked around to see who had done it.
The woman, knowing she could not stay hidden, came in fear and trembling and fell down before him and declared in the presence of all the people why she had touched him, and how she had been immediately healed.
Jairus’ Daughter Brought Back From Death
(Matt 9:23-26, Mark 5:35-43, Luke 8:49-56)
While Jesus was still speaking, someone from Jairus’ house came and said to him, “Your daughter is dead; do not trouble the Teacher any more.”
But Jesus on hearing this said to him, “Do not fear; only believe, and she will be well.”
They came to Jairus’ house, and Jesus saw the flute players and a great commotion, with people weeping and wailing loudly.
And when he had entered, he said to them, “Why are you making a commotion and weeping? The child is not dead but sleeping.” And they laughed at him, knowing that she was dead.
But he put them all outside and took only the child’s father and mother and the apostles: Peter, James and John, and went in to where the child was.
Taking her by the hand he said to her, “Talitha cumi,” which means, “Little girl, I say to you, arise.” And immediately the girl got up and began walking, and they were overcome with amazement.
The Blind See, the Dumb Speak
And as Jesus passed on from there, two blind men followed him, crying aloud, “Have mercy on us, Son of David.”
When he entered the house, the blind men came to him, and Jesus said to them, “Do you believe that I am able to do this?” They said to him, “Yes, Lord.”
Then he touched their eyes, saying, “According to your faith be it done to you.” And their eyes were opened. And Jesus sternly warned them, “See that no one knows about it.” But they went away and spread his fame through all that district.
As they were going away, a demon possessed man who was mute was brought to him. And when the demon had been cast out, the mute man spoke. And the crowds marvelled, saying, “Never was anything like this seen in Israel.”
But the Pharisees said, “He casts out demons by the prince of demons.”