The Plot to Kill Jesus
(Matt 26:3-5, Mark 14:1-2, Luke 22,1-2)
Now it was two days before the Passover and the chief priests and the elders of the people gathered in the palace of the high priest, whose name was Caiaphas, and plotted together in order to arrest Jesus by stealth and kill him.
Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus
(Matt 26:14-16, Mark 14:10-11, Luke 22:3-6)
Then Satan entered into Judas Iscariot, one of the Twelve.
And he went to the chief priests and officers, and said, “What will you give me if I deliver Jesus over to you?” And they paid him thirty pieces of silver.
Jesus Celebrates Passover with Disciples
(Matt 26:17-19, Mark 14:12-16, Luke 22:7-16)
Then came the day of “Unleavened Bread”, on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed.
And his disciples said to Jesus, “Master, where will you have us go and prepare for you to eat the Passover?”
And he sent Peter and John, saying to them, “Go into the city, and a man carrying a jar of water will meet you.
Follow him, and wherever he enters, say to the master of the house, ‘The Teacher says, where is my guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?’ And he will show you a large upper room furnished and ready; there prepare for us.'”
So the disciples set out and went to the city, and found it just as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover. And when it was evening, he came with the Twelve.
Jesus Washes the Disciples’ Feet
Now before the Feast of the Passover, Jesus knew that his hour had come to depart out of this world to the Father. And having loved his own who were in the world, he loved the Twelve to the end.
So during the meal, Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands and that he had come from God and was going back to God, stood up from the table.
And he laid aside his outer garments, and taking a towel, tied it around his waist. Then he poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples’ feet and to wipe them with the towel that was wrapped around him.
He came to Peter, who said to him, “Master, do you wash my feet?” And Jesus answered him, “What I am doing you do not understand now, but afterwards you will understand.”
Peter said to him, “You shall never wash my feet.” Jesus answered him, “If I do not wash you, you can have no fellowship with me.”
So Peter said to him, “Master, not my feet only but also my hands and my head!”
And Jesus said to him, “The one who has bathed does not need to wash, except for his feet, but is completely clean. And you are clean, but not every one of you.” For he knew who was to betray him; that was why he said, “Not all of you are clean.”
When he had washed their feet and put on his outer garments and resumed his place, he said to them, “Do you understand what I have done to you? You call me Master, Teacher and Lord, and you are right, for so I am.
If I then, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another’s feet. For I have given you an example, that you also should do just as I have done to you.
Jesus Identifies His Betrayer
(Matt 26:20-25, Mark 14:17-21, Luke 22:21-23, John 13:18-30)
Then Jesus said, “I am not speaking of all of you; I know whom I have chosen. But the Scripture will be fulfilled, ‘He who ate my bread has lifted his heel against me.’ [Ps#41:9]
The Son of Man indeed goes just as it is written of him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for that man if he had not been born.
I am telling you this now, before it takes place, so that when it does take place you may believe that I am he. Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever receives the one I send receives me, and whoever receives me receives the one who sent me.'”
After saying these things, Jesus was troubled in his spirit, and testified, “Truly, truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me.” And the disciples looked at one another, uncertain of whom he spoke.
One of his disciples, whom Jesus loved [thought to be John], was reclining at the table close to Jesus, so Peter motioned to him to ask Jesus of whom he was speaking. So that disciple, leaning back against Jesus, said to him, “Master, who is it?”
And Jesus answered, “It is he to whom I will give this morsel of bread when I have dipped it.” So when he had dipped the morsel, he gave it to Judas Iscariot.
Then after Judas had taken the morsel, Satan entered into him. And Jesus said to him, “What you are going to do, do quickly.”
Now no one at the table knew why he said this to him. Some thought that, because Judas had the moneybag, Jesus was telling him, “Buy what we need for the feast,” or that he should give something to the poor.
The Lord’s Supper and The New Covenant
(Matt 26:26-30, Mark 14:22-25, Luke 22:17-20)
Now as they were eating, Jesus took the bread, and after blessing it, broke it and gave it to the remaining eleven apostles. And he said, “Take, eat; this is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.”
And likewise he took a cup of wine, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, saying, “Drink of it, all of you, for this is my blood of the new covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.
I tell you I will not drink again of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.”
Dispute About the Greatest Disciple
Now a dispute arose among the apostles, as to which of them was to be regarded as the greatest.
And Jesus said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them, and those in authority over them are called benefactors. But not so with you. Rather, let the greatest among you become as the youngest, and the leader as one who serves.
For who is the greater, one who reclines at the table or one who serves? Is it not the one who reclines at the table? But I am among you as the one who serves.
You are the ones who have stayed with me in my trials, so I assign to you, as my Father assigned to me, a kingdom, that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel” [Judas would be replaced by another apostle in Acts].
The New Commandment
Then Jesus said, “Now is the Son of Man glorified, and God is glorified in him. If God is glorified in him, God will also glorify him in himself, and glorify him at once.
Little children, yet a little while I am with you. You will seek me, and just as I said to the Jews, so now I also say to you, ‘Where I am going you cannot come.’
A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another: just as I have loved you, you also are to love one another.
Jesus Predicts Peter’s Denial
(Matt 26:31-35, Mark 14:27-31, Luke 22:31-34, John 13:36-38)
Then Peter said to Jesus, “Master, where are you going? Why can I not follow you now?” And Jesus answered him, “Where I am going you cannot follow me now, but you will follow afterwards.
You will all fall away because of me this night. For it is written, ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.’ [Zech#13:7] But after I am raised up, I will go before you to Galilee.'”
Peter said, “Even though they all fall away, I will not. I will not deny you! I am ready to go with you both to prison and to death.” And all the disciples said the same.
And Jesus said, “Simon, Simon, [Peter’s birth name] behold, Satan demanded to have you, that he might sift you like wheat, but I have prayed for you that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned again, strengthen your brothers. Will you lay down your life for me? For truly I tell you, this very night, before the rooster crows twice, you will deny me three times.”
Jesus Warns the Disciples to be Prepared
Jesus said to them, “When I sent you out with no moneybag or knapsack or sandals, did you lack anything?” And they said, “Nothing.”
Then he said to them, “But now let the one who has a moneybag take it, and likewise a knapsack. And let the one who has no sword sell his cloak and buy one.
For I tell you that this Scripture must be fulfilled in me: ‘And he was numbered with the transgressors.’ [Isa#53:12] For what is written about me has its fulfilment.'”
The Way, the Truth and the Life
Now Jesus began to counsel the disciples using figurative speech, which they did not yet understand.
Firstly he said, “Let not your hearts be troubled. Believe in God; believe also in me. In my Father’s house are many rooms. If it were not so, would I have told you that I go to prepare a place for you? And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and will take you to myself, that where I am you may be also. And you know the way to where I am going.”
But Thomas said to him, “Master, we do not know where you are going. How can we know the way?”
And Jesus said to him, “I am the Way, and the Truth, and the Life. No one comes to the Father except through me. If you had known me, you would have known my Father also. From now on you do know him and have seen him.”
Then Philip said to him, “Master, show us the Father, and it is enough for us.”
And Jesus said to him, “Have I been with you so long, and you still do not know me, Philip? Whoever has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in me? The words that I say to you I do not speak on my own authority, but the Father who dwells in me does his works.
Believe me that I am in the Father and the Father is in me, or else believe on account of the works themselves. Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever believes in me will also do the works that I do; and greater works than these will he do, because I am going to the Father.
Jesus’ Promise of the Holy Spirit
Then Jesus said, “And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper to be with you forever; even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him. You know him, for he dwells with you and will be in you.
I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you. Yet a little while and the world will see me no more, but you will see me. Because I live, you also will live. In that day you will know that I am in my Father, and you in me, and I in you. Whoever has my commandments and keeps them, he it is who loves me. And he who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I will love him and manifest myself to him.”
Judas (the son of James) said to him, “Master, how is it that you will manifest yourself to us, and not to the world?”
And Jesus answered, “If anyone loves me, he will keep my word, and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him. Whoever does not love me does not keep my words. And the Word that you hear is not mine but the Father’s who sent me. These things I have spoken to you while I am still with you.
But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you. Peace I leave with you; my peace I give to you, not as the world gives do I give it to you. Let not your hearts be troubled, neither let them be afraid.
You heard me say to you, ‘I am going away, and I will come to you.’ If you loved me, you would have rejoiced, because I am going to the Father, for the Father is greater than I. And now I have told you before it takes place, so that when it does take place you may believe.
I will no longer talk much with you, for the ruler of this world is coming [Satan]. He has no claim on me, but I do as the Father has commanded me, so that the world may know that I love the Father. Rise, let us go from here.'”
Jesus, the True Vine
Next Jesus said, “I am the true vine, and my Father is the vine-dresser. Every branch in me that does not bear fruit he takes away, and every branch that does bear fruit he prunes, that it may bear more fruit.
Already you are clean because of the Word that I have spoken to you. You abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit by itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in me.
I am the vine; you are the branches. Whoever abides in me and I in him, he it is that bears much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing. If anyone does not abide in me he is thrown away like a branch and withers; and the branches are gathered, thrown into the fire, and burned.
If you abide in me, and my words abide in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you. By this my Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit and so prove to be my disciples. As the Father has loved me, so have I loved you. Abide in my love. If you keep my commandments, you will abide in my love, just as I have kept my Father’s commandments and abide in his love.
These things I have spoken to you, that my joy may be in you, and that your joy may be full. This is my commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you. Greater love has no man than this, that he lay down his life for his friends. You are my friends if you do what I command you.
No longer do I call you servants, for the servant does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, for all that I have heard from my Father I have made known to you.
You did not choose me, but I chose you and appointed you that you should go and bear fruit and that your fruit should abide, so that whatever you ask the Father in my name, he may give it to you.
These things I command you, so that you will love one another.”